For the fine loden cloth of Lodenfrey only the fleece of hand- picked sheep is used. The fleece is taken from the animals' flanks and shoulders - where it is in its finest form.

The fresh shearing is washed in an weak acid bath and then let to dry in an oven. The wool is sorted in a carder, equipped with a sort of pinning belt, which yields a regular roving of sorted fibres, the so called "Faserflor". in a next step the fibres are dyed and, in some cases, additional wool-mixtures are added, for example Cashmere, Alpaca and Mohair.

The roving is spun to yarn and woven. now beginns the actual production of the loden cloth using fulling, raising and shearing. In the fulling process the woolen fabric is fluffed up and "felted" using heat, moisture, lye and agitation. The fabric shrinks by about 25% of its original width and is thus rendered more dense and sturdy. The smoothened cloth is raised using steel thistles. for the raising of exquisite fabrics natural thistles are still being used. The raising produces a soft fibrous surface called a nap, wherein a layer of overlapping roughened fibre ends form a "roof tile" pattern. Shearing evenly trims this surface layer according to the purpose of the cloth. Subsequent compaction and damp heat smoothe out residual creases and produce the loden's typical smooth-as- silk touch as well as a matt sheen.

These three steps of procedure bring forth the distinguishing properties of loden cloth: The fabric is rendered water- repellent and wind-proof.

Napped loden ("Strichloden"): a slightly fluffy, particularly soft loden cloth. The so called "roof tile-effect" gives the cloth its water-repellent properties.

Loden cloth ("Tuchloden"): very sturdy due to a nap trimmed short and an intense fulling process.

Hunza-loden: a heavy, weather-resistant loden cloth which provides good insulation, with excellent tearproof and long wear.